Geography expands to include Europe (paralleling the study of Rome in history), South America and the North and South Poles.
The History block often begins with a quick review of the life and conquests of Alexander the Great, followed by a study of the Aeneid. Important highlights of life in the Roman Empire are studied, including the rise of the Empire, the emperors, the Republic, conquests, government, building and construction, the life of Jesus, barbarian incursions, and the fall of the empire. Later in the year students delve into the life of medieval Europe. This includes, but is not limited to, feudalism, peasant life, knighthood, and the life of the monasteries. The life of Mohammed and the rise of Islam are studied. This naturally brings in the Crusades. Parallels to modern life become evident in this block.
Sixth Graders review parts of speech and verb tenses and write detailed reports and compositions. Grammar emphasis is on clauses, phrases, and the formulation of good sentences and paragraphs. Oral presentations of reports and research are given with an artistic component. Students practice lengthy recitation of epic poems. Class plays usually come from Roman or Medieval History. Biographies could be assigned for reports.
The Sixth Grade Math curriculum is based on an intense review of previously taught material. This review is done in such a way that there is always something new. A continual theme through the year is the sense of number and the interrelationship between division, fractions, decimals, and percents, with fractions playing the central role. The main lesson blocks may include percentages, business math, geometric drawing, and the golden mean. Business mathematics brings the students in touch with daily life and practical knowledge of finance. The study of geometry, both projective and the Euclidean constructions, are introduced. Weekly homework assignments, organization skills, and keeping a neat notebook are emphasized.
Physics and chemistry classes are added to the curriculum in Middle School. The study of science turns to the lawfulness that comes from cause-and-effect relationships in the physical world. The focus is on a threefold approach to the phenomena: observation, evaluation, and conceptualization. Experiments are conducted before the students who are taught to observe the phenomenon rather than proving a theory. In Sixth Grade, the threefold approach is applied to electricity, magnetism, optics, acoustics and heat in physics. The polarity between the heights and the depths is explored in the complementary studies of Astronomy and Mineralogy.